Prescription Drug Abuse

 

Xanax | Oxycontin | Roxicet | Klonopin | Ativan

It is important that individuals struggling with prescription drug abuse begin the path to recovery. At Atlantic Shores Hospital in South Florida we are able to help treat those dealing with Xanax abuse, Oxycontin abuse, Roxicet abuse, Klonopin abuse, Ativan abuse, and other prescription drug dependencies. Below you will find more information about the specific prescription drugs and their side effects.

Xanax
Generic Name: alprazolam (al PRAY zoe lam)
Therapeutic Class: Antianxiety
Chemical Class: Schedule IV controlled substance
Xanax Tablets contain alprazolam which is a triazolo analog of the 1,4 benzodiazepine class of central nervous system-active compounds. It affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Xanax is used to treat anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and anxiety caused by depression.
Side effects from Xanax use or abuse include:

  • unusual risk-taking behavior, decreased inhibitions, no fear of danger
  • depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself
  • hyperactivity, agitation, hostility, hallucinations
  • feeling light-headed, fainting
  • seizure (convulsions)
  • urinating less than usual or not at all;
  • muscle twitching, tremor
  • jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes)

Less serious Xanax side effects may include:

  • drowsiness, dizziness, feeling irritable
  • amnesia or forgetfulness, trouble concentrating
  • sleep problems (insomnia)
  • muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination, slurred speech
  • blurred vision
  • nausea, vomiting, constipation, appetite or weight changes
  • dry or watery mouth, increased sweating
  • loss of interest in sex

WARNING: Certain adverse clinical events, some life-threatening, are a direct consequence of physical dependence to Xanax. These include a spectrum of withdrawal symptoms; the most important is seizure.

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Oxycontin
Generic name: Oxycodone hydrochloride
Therapeutic Class: Analgesic
Chemical Class: Opioid
OxyContin is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. It is similar to morphine. OxyContin is a controlled-release form of the narcotic painkiller oxycodone. OxyContin tablets are used to treat moderate to severe pain. The extended-release form of this medication is for around-the-clock treatment of pain. Oxycodone is not for treating pain just after a surgery unless you were already taking oxycodone before the surgery.
Side effects from Oxycontin use or abuse include:

  • shallow breathing, slow heartbeat
  • seizure (convulsions)
  • cold, clammy skin
  • confusion
  • severe weakness or dizziness
  • feeling light-headed, fainting.

Less serious OxyContin side effects are more likely to occur, such as:

  • nausea, vomiting, constipation, loss of appetite
  • dizziness, headache, tired feeling
  • dry mouth
  • sweating
  • itching

WARNING: Misuse of OxyContin promotes physical dependence, abuse, and addiction. The two highest-strength OxyContin tablets—80 and 160 milligrams—are dangerous for anyone who has not already developed a tolerance for narcotics. If you have been prescribed one of these strengths, do not give the tablets to anyone else; they could impair respiration and lead to death.

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Roxicet
Generic Name: oxycodone hydrochloride and acetaminophen
Therapeutic Class: Analgesic
Chemical Class: Roxicet is a Schedule II controlled substance.
Roxicet is a form of Oxycodone, in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. Acetaminophen is a less potent pain reliever that increases the effects of oxycodone.
Roxicet is used to relieve moderate to severe pain and may also be used for purposes other than those listed above.
Side effects from Roxicet use or abuse include:

  • shallow breathing, slow heartbeat
  • feeling light-headed, fainting
  • confusion, unusual thoughts or behavior
  • seizure (convulsions)
  • nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, itching, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Less serious Roxicet side effects include:

  • feeling dizzy or drowsy
  • mild nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, constipation
  • headache
  • blurred vision
  • dry mouth

WARNING: Oxycodone is an opioid agonist of the morphine-type. Such drugs are sought by drug abusers and people with addiction disorders and are subject to criminal diversion. Oxycodone can be abused in a manner similar to other opioid agonists, legal or illicit.

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Klonopin
Generic Name: clonazepam (kloe NAZ e pam)
Therapeutic Class: antiseizure and antipanic
Chemical Class: Clonazepam is a Schedule IV controlled substance
Klonopin is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Clonazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Klonopin is used to treat seizure disorders or panic disorder.
Side effects from Klonopin use or abuse include:

  • confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior
  • hyperactivity, agitation, hostility
  • unusual or involuntary eye movements
  • weak or shallow breathing
  • depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself
  • chest tightness, fast or pounding heartbeats
  • painful or difficult urination, urinating more or less than usual
  • pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding
  • new or worsening seizures

Less serious Klonopin side effects may include:

  • drowsiness, dizziness, spinning sensation
  • memory problems
  • tired feeling, muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination
  • slurred speech
  • drooling or dry mouth, sore gums
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, constipation
  • blurred vision
  • headache
  • nervousness, sleep problems (insomnia)
  • skin rash
  • weight changes

WARNING: Withdrawal symptoms, similar in character to those noted with barbiturates and alcohol (eg, convulsions, psychosis, hallucinations, behavioral disorder, tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps) have occurred following abrupt discontinuance of clonazepam.  The more severe withdrawal symptoms have usually been limited to those patients who received excessive doses over an extended period of time.

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Ativan
Generic Name: lorazepam  (lor A ze pam)
Therapeutic Class: anxiety
Chemical Class: Lorazepam is a Schedule IV controlled substance
Ativan is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Benzodiazepines, which act on the brain and nerves (central nervous system) to produce a calming effect. This drug works by enhancing the effects of a certain natural chemical in the body (GABA).
Side effects from Ativan use or abuse include:

  • confusion, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself
  • hyperactivity, agitation, hostility
  • hallucinations
  • feeling light-headed, fainting

Less serious Ativan side effects may include:

  • drowsiness, dizziness, tiredness
  • blurred vision
  • sleep problems (insomnia)
  • muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination
  • amnesia or forgetfulness, trouble concentrating
  • nausea, vomiting, constipation
  • appetite changes
  • skin rash

WARNING: Overdosage of benzodiazepines is usually manifested by varying degrees of central-nervous-system depression, ranging from drowsiness to coma. In mild cases symptoms include drowsiness, mental confusion and lethargy. In more serious examples, symptoms may include ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, hypnosis, stages one (1) to three (3) coma, and, very rarely, death.

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